Chrysanthemums or Mums are a number of the best known and widely recognized perennials available. It’s a sure sign that Autumn is just around the corner when these blazing beauties arrive in garden centers around the country. They’re a hardy and easy to care for plant which requires very little attention. The first general guideline is to pick a sunny and well drained location. Mums will do well in most any location, but they do best with at least half a day in the sun. Without the proper drainage they won’t grow or flower as well as they could and loss of plants to winterkill is more likely.
Once you’ve a location chosen work peat moss, manure or compost down into the soil about six inches. Mums enjoy a lot of nutrients so that they also appreciate a 5-10-5 fertilizer once in the spring to boost growth and once in the fall to boost flower production. Most of today’s mums which are purchased in garden centers don’t require the pinching that older varieties do. If you do have older mums the purpose of pinching them back is to make the plant more compact and bushy which implies more flowers. The plants must be pinched no later than July 4th or you’ll risk pinching off your developing flower buds.
Chrysanthemums come in many heights from small dwarf varieties to more shrub like cultivars. The range of colours goes from whites and creams, to yellow, oranges, bronzes, reds, purples, pinks and bicolors. Below is a listing of the most famous cultivars divided by colour to get you started. Given that you’ve the colours and cultivars selected and planting you must think ahead to over wintering your plants. It’s necessary that you not only refrain from cutting back the dead growth until spring, but they should also be mulched. Mulching with straw or a comparable mulch to a depth of about six inches once the ground freezes will ensure winter survival. Following these simple tips will ensure a beautiful blazing fall display year after year after summer blooms fade. Rachel Murphy, has been working at the flower business for over fifteen years. Over the last year she’s taken on the liability for controlling your stresses and maintain Florarose.com.