A shrubby perennial, chrysanthemum is valued for the masses of bright, daisy like flowers that adorn the plant in late summer and autumn. Depending upon the variety, chrysanthemums reach heights of 1 to 5 legs at maturity. Chrysanthemums are easily propagated by taking cuttings after blooming ends in autumn. Water the perlite and allow it to drain until you are ready to plant the cutting. Remove a 4- to 6 inches length of stem from a healthful, mature chrysanthemum by pinching the stem with your fingertips. Be sure the cutting has at least four leaves or leaf nodes – small bumps where a leaf emerges from the stem.
Take the cutting in the morning whilst the plant is well hydrated. Cut the bottom of the stem about 1/2 inch below the lowest leaf node. Pull the leaves cautiously from the bottom 50% of the cutting. Be sure only the bare stem is planted and that 1 or 2 nodes are under the soil. Situate the cutting so the remaining leaves are above and not touching the perlite. If you are planting multiple cuttings, space the cuttings so the leaves do not touch. Place the cuttings in a typically warm room, in bright, indirect light. Water as needed to keep the perlite slightly damp at all times.
Do not overwater, as too much humidity can cause the cuttings to rot. Check the cuttings for roots in 3 to a month. Look for roots extending from the bottom of the pot. You may also use a spoon to lift a cutting cautiously from the perlite. Inspect the roots and replant the cutting immediately. The cuttings are ready to transplant when the roots are 1 inches long. Plant each rooted cutting in a little container full of good quality commercial potting mixture.
And then, Return the cuttings to a sunny location and keep the potting mixture lightly moist. Allow the young plants to develop for an additional four to six weeks before planting the chrysanthemums in their permanent home. To use powdered bodily hormone, sprinkle a small amount on a piece of wax paper. Roll the bottom 1 inches of the cutting in the powder just before planting, then plant as directed. Pinching the growing tips of chrysanthemums produces a full, bushy plant with more flowers, as pinching distributes humidity and nutrients evenly through the plant.